福建体彩网Shape 全民乐彩票下载Shape 乐视体育登录author v博投注Shape pk彩票代理appchevron 雪缘园足彩胜cross 黑白直播体育Shape 跳槽彩金的平台Shape 竞彩258下载Shape 推牌9压庄顺口溜Group 五分彩规律hamburger app注册送18home 万人炸金花投注Group 三公概率表magnify 极速体育登录Shape 大满贯开火车Shape 足球即时比分Shape 万博体育下载rss bet手机版客户端Shape

Milky Haemolymph Disease of Spiny Lobster

What is it?

Milky haemolymph disease of spiny lobster, also known as milky haemolymph syndrome (MHS), is caused by a rickettsia-like bacterium. Four distinct rickettsia-like bacteria have been found, one of which is known to be associated with the disease.

LOLS10在线直播下注 The disease affects Black tiger prawn, European shore crab and Tropical spiny lobsters.

When and Where Might it Occur?

The disease affects three-month-old or older juveniles and adult lobsters.

It is suspected that horizontal transmission occurs by direct contact with infected lobsters in the same net-pens, or indirectly by contaminated water from adjacent net-pens.

The disease has been experimentally transmitted among lobsters by cohabitation and by injection of unfiltered haemolymph from diseased lobsters into healthy lobsters.

LOLS10在线直播下注 It is suspected that fresh foods (fishery bycatch, molluscs and decapod crustaceans) fed to net-pen-reared lobsters in Viet Nam are the source of the rickettsia-like bacterial agent of the disease.


Signs of the disease are often lethargy, anorexia or cessation of feeding and mortality soon after clinical and gross pathological signs appear.

Gross pathological signs are:

  • milky haemolymph exuding from wounds or visible under swollen abdominal pleura of the exoskeleton (visible on the ventral side; if drawn into a syringe, may appear turbid or milky in severely affected specimens)
  • white hypertrophied connective tissues of all major organs and tissues.

Microscopic pathological signs are:

  • basophilic cytoplasmic masse


LOLS10在线直播下注 Injection of oxytetracycline has been effective in treating and preventing the disease.

LOLS10在线直播下注SOURCE: Australian Government, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry